Climate-ABC: Deforestation

Deforestation refers to the clearing of large forests. About 30% of the earth is covered with forests today. Every year about 7.3 million hectares of them are cleared or burned.

The deforestation of large forests in Europe began in the Middle Ages and intensified with increasing industrialization. Clearing is done for various reasons: On the one hand, for agricultural (tendency towards larger farms with large arable land, monocultures) and urban land use (urbanization, expansion of infrastructures) but also for further processing. This trend intensified further with increasing industrialization. For about 50 years this trend has also been noticeable in the tropics. Over there large areas of virgin forest are giving way to newly created roads and monocultures. In addition to negative effects on biodiversity and the diversity of human cultures, deforestation also intensifies climate change and changes biochemical material cycles.

Kasang, D. (2020). Deforestation (Tropen). Klimawandel.

Quarks. (2019, 03 27). So hat sich die deutsche Landwirtschaft entwickelt. Quarks.