Climate-ABC: CAP

The Common Agricultural Policy of the European Union (CAP) is one of the largest items of expenditure in the EU, accounting for around 40% of the total EU budget. One funding period lasts 7 years. The Common Agricultural Policy for the 2021-2027 support period is currently being negotiated.

The EU’s common agricultural policy is financed by the EU budget and managed by the EU. Agricultural policy accounts for approximately 40% of the total EU budget. Every 7 years, the EU agrees on a common policy for the next funding period. The next one starts in 2021 and is currently (as of October 2020) under negotiation.
Since the establishment of the European Economic Community in 1957/58 (Treaty of Rome), the states of today’s EU have been jointly negotiating their agricultural policies. This makes agriculture the first communitized policy field of the European Union. The policy field is complex because there are many interests that need to be taken into account in its negotiation: In the negotiation of agricultural subsidies, economic, socio-political and ecological interests have to be weighed against each other, some of which are difficult to reconcile. A balanced compromise is also made more difficult by the fact that different interest groups (can) exert different levels of influence.
It is not only environmental activists* and organizations that demand that the coming period make the transition to a socially and ecologically sustainable agriculture possible.